Special Issue on Sheltering and Housing Displaced Populations in Sustainability

Dr. Aaron Opdyke and Dr Amy Javernick-Will (University of Colorado Boulder) are editing a special issue for the journal Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050, IF 2.592), entitled "Sheltering and Housing Displaced Populations." This special issue seeks contributions focusing on sheltering and housing in post-disaster settlements. We seek contributions that bridge the humanitarian–development nexus, from pre-disaster resiliency to emergency and temporary shelter, to the long-term development of sustainable housing and settlements. We are interested in contributions which unpack issues of sheltering and housing accessibility, affordability, safety, sustainability, and the associated environmental, social, and economic issues facing displaced populations. We also seek manuscripts which…

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Assessing the Impact of Household Participation on Satisfaction and Safe Design in Humanitarian Shelter Projects

Participation has long been considered important for post‐disaster recovery. Establishing what constitutes participation in post‐disaster shelter projects, however, has remained elusive, and the links between different types of participation and shelter programme outcomes are not well understood. Furthermore, recent case studies suggest that misguided participation strategies may be to blame for failures. This study analysed 19 shelter projects implemented in the Philippines following Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013 to identify the forms of participation employed. Using fuzzy‐set qualitative comparative analysis, it assessed how household participation in the planning, design, and construction phases of shelter reconstruction led to outcomes of household satisfaction and safe shelter design. Participation was operationalised via eight central project tasks, revealing that the involvement of households in the early planning stages of projects and in construction activities were important for satisfaction and design outcomes, whereas engagement during the design phase of projects had little impact on the selected outcomes.

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Prioritising Key Messages for Safer Humanitarian Shelter

The ‘8 Build Back Safer Key Messages’ developed by the Global Shelter Cluster in 2014 following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in the Philippines have proved valuable in offering a ‘minimum checklist of disaster risk reduction construction techniques for owner-driven self-recovery.' However, limited resources and misunderstanding often result in households selectively applying the concepts and there is a need to prioritise these messages in future responses. Current formats make distilling the relative importance of components difficult and there is a need to more systematically distinguish the messages. This research conducted a Delphi survey of 12 humanitarian shelter and structural engineering experts using the Analytical Hierarchy Process, a method that uses pairwise comparisons to rank items, to aid in further understanding the relative importance of humanitarian shelter key messages.

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