Summary

This research aims to understanding the relationship between infrastructure performance and disasters losses in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and how asset management systems can reduce the impact of disasters. The project is analysing links between infrastructure quality and economic losses from disasters in MENA countries using regression analysis. Furthermore, interviews with asset management experts in Australia and the MENA region are being conducted to better understand disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM) and asset management links. 

Research Team

  • Benjamin Korkman
  • James Lancaster
  • Elyssa Mastroianni
  • Dr Aaron Opdyke
  • Dr Wesam Beitelmal (Dhofar University)
Winding road through desert

Research Questions

  • How does infrastructure performance affect disaster losses in the MENA region?
  • How can infrastructure asset management systems reduce the impact of disasters in the MENA region? 

Research Methods

The first phase of this project is using infrastructure indicators including national GDP, the Human Development Index, and World Bank quality of infrastructure indicators for roads, ports and national infrastructure assets. Multiple regression analysis is being used to understand the link between earthquake, flood, and storm losses and infrastructure quality.

In the second phase, interviews are being conducted with asset management experts to synthesise the current state of asset management policy in the MENA region. This analysis is exploring current asset management practices, challenges and barriers, and disaster risk reduction links.

Findings

The outcomes of this research are pertinent to governments (including departments of transportation and national emergency response agencies) in countries with high vulnerability as well as international donors.

Global Goals and Targets

Sustainable Development Goals

Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

9.1 Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all.

Sustainable Cities and Communities

Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations.
11.B By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels.

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

This research contributes to Priority 2: Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk.​

Outline of buildings

Target D

Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030​