Disclaimer: This list of publications is only representative of works published in direct collaboration with our lab and may not represent a complete record of an individual’s scholarly works.

People walking through desert

Decision-Making Factor Interactions Influencing Climate Migration: A Systems-Based Systematic Review

Global migration and mobility dynamics are expected to shift in the coming decades under climate change. Climate migrant estimates are often criticised for overlooking the complex and interlinked
factors that influence migration, focusing too explicitly on climate hazards alone. We conduct a systematic literature review to identify and consolidate economic, environmental, demographic, political, and social climate migration decision-making factors, and their linkages, offering a synthesis of multidisciplinary research in the climate migration field from a systems perspective. Using purposive text analysis of causal relationships described in existing literature, we evaluate the strength of evidence for directional relationships between different factors that influence migration. In total, 21 factors were identified as leading influences of climate migration. Using causal loop diagramming – a qualitative form of system dynamics modelling – we then map the linkages between migration factors while identifying influential feedback loops to synthesise the ways in which decision factors interact in climate migration systems, as conceptualised by existing literature. This review answers calls to consolidate the body of knowledge on migration factor dynamics and aids in the identification of key feedback loops as potential leverage points. We highlight economic factors such as financial capital and livelihoods, as well as food security, as points where interventions are best directed to stabilise climate migration systems. These results help inform climate migration policy and aid planners in the future to better understand the interconnected system of factors that lead to the emergent outcome of climate migration.

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Promoting Migration as Adaptation to Climate Change: Addressing Mobility Barriers

In the past decade, there has been growing pushback towards the idea of migration as a “failure to adapt” to climate change. Climate-related migration is increasingly viewed as an adaptation strategy rather than the consequence of failed in situ adaptation. As we move toward a more nuanced understanding of the interaction between climate change and migration, governments now need to work towards strategies to aid safe and supported mobility. In particular, we stress that the responsibility rests heavily with countries from the Global North who have contributed the most to carbon emissions, while the burden of adaptation has disproportionately fallen to low-emitting countries from the Global South. While we are gradually understanding the drivers that lead to migration, we know comparatively less about the factors that compel people to stay. Unpacking the puzzle of immobility factors is a vital but often neglected pathway to assisting climate-affected populations who are unable or unwilling to move. This viewpoint provides a commentary on top factors that keep climate-affected populations in place, detailing how they contribute to immobility as well as recommendations towards overcoming these barriers.

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Woman standing in front of business in home

Exploring the Role of Shelter and Livelihoods Recovery

We address the role of shelter and livelihood in humanitarian crises and how stronger livelihoods can support adequate shelter. Their proposed research asks how shelter and livelihood support can be better integrated into humanitarian response, looking at the tools used by humanitarian actors to understand livelihoods, how livelihood security and diversity affect shelter, and how existing inequalities affect shelter and livelihoods.

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